论文题目：Metagenomics insights into responses of rhizobacteria and their alleviation role in licorice allelopathy
论文作者：Yang Liu，Hao Wang，Xun Qian，Jie Gu，Weimin Chen，Xihui Shen，Shiheng Tao，Shuo Jiao，Gehong Wei
Allelopathy is closely associated with rhizosphere biological processes, and rhizosphere microbial communities are essential for plant development. However, our understanding of rhizobacterial communities under influence of allelochemicals in licorice remains limited. In the present study, the responses and effects of rhizobacterial communities on licorice allelopathy were investigated using a combination of multi-omics sequencing and pot experiments, under allelochemical addition and rhizobacterial inoculation treatments.
Here, we demonstrated that exogenous glycyrrhizin inhibits licorice development, and reshapes and enriches specific rhizobacteria and corresponding functions related to glycyrrhizin degradation. Moreover, theNovosphingobiumgenus accounted for a relatively high proportion of the enriched taxa and appeared in metagenomic assembly genomes. We further characterized the different capacities of single and synthetic inoculants to degrade glycyrrhizin and elucidated their distinct potency for alleviating licorice allelopathy. Notably, the single replenished N (Novosphingobium resinovorum) inoculant had the greatest allelopathy alleviation effects in licorice seedlings.
Altogether, the findings highlight that exogenous glycyrrhizin simulates the allelopathic autotoxicity effects of licorice, and indigenous single rhizobacteria had greater effects than synthetic inoculants in protecting licorice growth from allelopathy. The results of the present study enhance our understanding of rhizobacterial community dynamics during licorice allelopathy, with potential implications for resolving continuous cropping obstacle in medicinal plant agriculture using rhizobacterial biofertilizers.